The Sahrawi Republic, officially the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR; Spanish: República Árabe Saharaui Democrática; Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah), is a partially recognized state that controls a thin strip of area in the Western Sahara region and claims sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony. SADR was proclaimed by the Polisario Front on February 27, 1976, in Bir Lehlou, Western Sahara, a former communist liberation force (modeled after that of Cuba) which has since reformed its ideological and political views.
The SADR government controls about 20–25% of the territory it claims. It calls the territories under its control the Liberated Territories or the Free Zone. Morocco controls and administers the rest of the disputed territory and calls these lands its Southern Provinces. The SADR government considers the Moroccan-held territory to be occupied territory, while Morocco considers the much smaller SADR-held territory to be a buffer zone.The claimed capital of the SADR is El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital has been moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti.
The Sahrawi Republic maintains diplomatic relations with 40 UN states, and is a full member of the African Union.
The SADR acted as a government administration in the Sahrawi refugee camps located in the Tindouf Province of western Algeria. It is headquartered in Camp Rabouni, south of Tindouf, although some official events have taken place in towns in the Free Zone, including the provisional capitals, first Bir Lehlou until 2008, then Tifariti. The government of the SADR claims sovereignty over all of the Western Sahara territory, but has control only within the Free Zone. Several foreign aid agencies, including the UN High Commission for Refugees, and nongovernmental organizations are continually active in the camps.
After a long waiting my first airmail covers from Western Sahara arrived in perfect condition. The cover posted by Brahim who is my friend live in Morocco, frequently travel to Layyoune, the capital city of Western Sahara. He posted my envelopes on October 23, 2017 and I received in my hands on November 13, 2017. He specially requested to the post office staff to send as registered with clear postmark, but the clerk forgot the request. On the left sided first stamp you can see the map of Morocco which includes Western Sahara too.Western Sahara not issued stamps officially, so the stamps we see in the market in the name as "Sahara OCC", SADR, Sahrawi, Western Sahara " are fake and cannot use on envelopes. So It is important to get clear postmark shows the city name 'Layyoune' to prove that the cover posted from Western Sahara. Thank You very much Brahim for the great help!
These two are another envelopes posted from Western Sahara by Brahim, but from different post office in Layyoune. It is posted from the post office called Al Makka, but the postmark is very poor, the postal clerk not listened the request of Brahim to put clear postmark and send as registered. He posted the envelopes on same day, I received in my hands on November 13, 2017. On the right corner stamp you can see the map of Morocco which includes Western Sahara too. Thank You Brahim for the great help !