Saturday, 24 February 2018

KARAKALPAKSTAN / Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikası/ Қарақалпақстан Республикасы

Karakalpakstan (Karakalpak: Qaraqalpaqstan / Қарақалпақстан), officially the Republic of Karakalpakstan (Karakalpak: Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikası / Қарақалпақстан Республикасы) is an autonomous republic within Uzbekistan. It occupies the whole northwestern end of Uzbekistan. The capital is Nukus (Noʻkis / Нөкис). The Republic of Karakalpakstan has an area of 160,000 square kilometres (62,000 sq mi). Its territory covers the classical land of Khwarezm, though in classical Persian literature the area was known as Kāt (کات)
Karakalpakstan is now mostly desert and is located in western Uzbekistan near the Aral Sea, in the lowest part of the Amu Darya basin. It has an area of 164,900 km² and is surrounded by desert. 
The Republic of Karakalpakstan is formally sovereign and shares veto power over decisions concerning it with Uzbekistan. According to the constitution, relations between Karakalpakstan and Uzbekistan are "regulated by treaties and agreements" and any disputes are "settled by way of reconciliation". Its right to secede is limited by the veto power of Uzbekistan's legislature over any decision to secede. Article 74, chapter XVII, Constitution of Uzbekistan, provides that: "The Republic of Karakalpakstan shall have the right to secede from the Republic of Uzbekistan on the basis of a nationwide referendum held by the people of Karakalpakstan." 

This is my first cover from the Karakalpakstan Republic, an autonomous region within Uzbekistan. The covers posted on 15 January 2018 and I received them in my hands on 05 February 2018. There is no special postage stamps for Karakalpakstan, still I found some stamps which is related to the region, Luckily I got two stamps with the map of Karakalpakstan and it is written as 'Qoroqolpokston Respublikasi" in Uzbek language. Uzbekistan issues beautiful thematic stamps every year.The covers posted by Jalaludin from Nukus, the capital city of Karakalpakstan.

INGUSHETIA - Republic of Ingushetia / Республика Ингушетия / Гӏалгӏай Мохк

The Republic of Ingushetia (Russian: Респу́блика Ингуше́тия, Ingush: Гӏалгӏай Мохк / Ğalğaj Moxk), also referred to as simply Ingushetia, is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), located in the North Caucasus region.
Its capital is the town of Magas. At 3,000 square km, in terms of area, the republic is the smallest of Russia's federal subjects except for the federal cities. It was established on June 4, 1992, after the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was split in two. The republic is home to the indigenous Ingush, a people of Vainakh ancestry.
Ingushetia is situated on the northern slopes of the Caucasus. Its area is reported by various sources as either 2,000 square kilometers (770 sq mi) or 3,600 square kilometers (1,400 sq mi); the difference in reporting is mainly due to the inclusion or exclusion of parts of Sunzhensky Districts. The republic borders the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania (SW/W/NW/N), the Chechen Republic (NE/E/SE), and the country of Georgia (southwards). The highest point is the Gora Shan (4451 m). A 150-kilometer (93 mi) stretch of the Caucasus Mountains runs through the territory of the republic.



Airmail envelopes posted from Magas, the capital city of Republic of Ingushetia. The covers posted on December 12, 2017 and delivered on December 29,2017. The Miniature sheet is illustrated with the national flag and coat arm of Ingushetia. In 2017, there is a stamp issued by Russian post to commemorate the event of 25th anniversary of Republic of Ingushetia. The covers sent by Aina. 

Saturday, 30 December 2017

SOUTH SUDAN - Republic of South Sudan

South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africathat gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011. Its current capital, Juba is also the largest city. Before the outbreak of a civil war in 2013, it was planned that the capital city would be moved to the more centrally located Ramciel in the future.
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, and the Central African Republic to the west. It includes the vast swamp region of the Sudd, formed by the White Nile and known locally as the Bahr al Jabal.



South Sudan Airmail envelopes ! It is was unbelievable in the past, but now becomes true. These rarest and beautiful airmail envelopes got postmarked from Juba post office, the capital city of South Sudan. There is no working international postal system, so the international mails either will not go or travel via Kenya. DHL, Aramex and Fedex are the main international mails and parcels carriers from Juba. My friend Abdulkarim bought the stamps from post office and sent to me via DHL, then I prepared my envelopes and sent again to him via DHL for postmarking. He again went to the post office and explained about the need and my collection, then they postmarked the envelopes and gave back to him. He sent again all the covers back to me via DHL. These are the costliest covers in my collection. My friend planned to send some covers from Uganda, Kenya and Centrafricaine with South Sudan stamps. Let me see how it works. I heard If the mail can reach in those hubs, it will travel without problem. 

South Sudan entered the world of stamp-issuing countries in July 2011 with a design error already in its first issue and the subsequent withdrawal of that 2.5 SSP stamp. This was followed by a set of stamps, which was designed and proof printed, but never issued, although a few sets are available at internet auction sites. The second set officially issued also has a design error, the 20 SSP stamp shows a picture of an Eland Antelope, but the text on the stamp refers to the White-Eared Kob.

Clearly, it is quite interesting to collect stamps from South Sudan, however, it is not easy, as South Sudan has no international mail connection at all since the routing of international mail via the postal authorities in Sudan ceased in April 2012 with the discontinuation of the direct flights between Juba and Khartoum. No independent postal exchange office has yet been established, although the Directorate of Postal Services intended to sign an agreement with Ethiopian Airlines and Kenyan Airlines early 2012 to carry mail abroad in order to be independent of northern Sudan, but this didn't materialize. As a consequence, it is almost impossible to reach them by mail, although some incoming international mail arrives via Ethiopia and lately especially via Kenya, while the postal authorities has no agreement with any international stamp agency for the marketing of its stamps.


Thursday, 14 December 2017

Sint Eustatius - CARIBISCH NEDERLAND

Sint Eustatius (Dutch pronunciation: [sɪnt øsˈtaːtsiʏs]), also known affectionately to the locals as Statia, is part of the Caribbean Netherlands: i.e. it is a Caribbean island and a special municipality (officially “public body”) of the Netherlands.
The island lies in the northern Leeward Islands portion of the West Indies, southeast of the Virgin Islands. Sint Eustatius is immediately to the northwest of Saint Kitts, and to the southeast of Saba. The regional capital is Oranjestad.
The island has an area of 21 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi). In the 2001 census, the population was recorded as 3,543 inhabitants, with a population density of 169 inhabitants per square kilometre. As of 2015, the population was officially estimated at 3,877. The official language is Dutch, but English is the "language of everyday life" on the island and education is solely in English.A local English-based creole is also spoken informally. Travellers to the island by air arrive through F.D. Roosevelt Airport.
Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles, Sint Eustatius became a special municipality within The Netherlands on 10 October 2010.
The name of the island, “Sint Eustatius”, is the Dutch name for Saint Eustace (also spelled Eustachius or Eustathius), a legendary Christian martyr, known in Spanish as San Eustaquio and in Portuguese as Santo Eustáquio or Santo Eustácio.
Topographically, the island is saddle-shaped, with the 602 meter-high dormant volcano Quill, (from Dutch kuil, meaning 'pit'—originally referring to its crater) to the southeast and the smaller pair Signal Hill/Little Mountain (or Bergje) and Boven Mountain to the northwest. The Quill crater is a popular tourist attraction on the island. The bulk of the island's population lives in the saddle between the two elevated areas, which forms the center of the island.
The national parks of St. Eustatius, which comprise the Quill/Boven park, the Botanical Garden, and the Marine Park, are all under the control of the non-profit foundation STENAPA.





These beautiful registered airmail envelopes posted from Oranjested, the capital city of St.Eustatius. The covers posted on October 24,2017 and I received in my hands on November 29, 2017. Caribisch Nederland issue a number of thematic stamps in recent years, after the postal service take over by the private company called FXDC. Thank You very much FXDC staff for the perfect service.


Monday, 13 November 2017

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

The Sahrawi Republic, officially the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR; Spanish: República Árabe Saharaui Democrática; Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية‎‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah), is a partially recognized state that controls a thin strip of area in the Western Sahara region and claims sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony. SADR was proclaimed by the Polisario Front on February 27, 1976, in Bir Lehlou, Western Sahara, a former communist liberation force (modeled after that of Cuba) which has since reformed its ideological and political views.
The SADR government controls about 20–25% of the territory it claims. It calls the territories under its control the Liberated Territories or the Free Zone. Morocco controls and administers the rest of the disputed territory and calls these lands its Southern Provinces. The SADR government considers the Moroccan-held territory to be occupied territory, while Morocco considers the much smaller SADR-held territory to be a buffer zone.The claimed capital of the SADR is El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital has been moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti.
The Sahrawi Republic maintains diplomatic relations with 40 UN states, and is a full member of the African Union.
The SADR acted as a government administration in the Sahrawi refugee camps located in the Tindouf Province of western Algeria. It is headquartered in Camp Rabouni, south of Tindouf, although some official events have taken place in towns in the Free Zone, including the provisional capitals, first Bir Lehlou until 2008, then Tifariti. The government of the SADR claims sovereignty over all of the Western Sahara territory, but has control only within the Free Zone. Several foreign aid agencies, including the UN High Commission for Refugees, and nongovernmental organizations are continually active in the camps.
After a long waiting my first airmail covers from Western Sahara arrived in perfect condition. The cover posted by Brahim who is my friend live in Morocco, frequently travel to Layyoune, the capital city of Western Sahara. He posted my envelopes on October 23, 2017 and I received in my hands on November 13, 2017. He specially requested to the post office staff to send as registered with clear postmark, but the clerk forgot the request. On the left sided first stamp you can see the map of Morocco which includes Western Sahara too.Western Sahara not issued stamps officially, so the stamps we see in the market in the name as "Sahara OCC", SADR, Sahrawi, Western Sahara " are fake and cannot use on envelopes. So It is important to get clear postmark shows the city name 'Layyoune' to prove that the cover posted from Western Sahara. Thank You very much Brahim for the great help!



These two are another envelopes posted from Western Sahara by Brahim, but from different post office in Layyoune. It is posted from the post office called Al Makka, but the postmark is very poor, the postal clerk not listened the request of Brahim to put clear postmark and send as registered. He posted the envelopes on same day, I received in my hands on November 13, 2017. On the right corner stamp you can see the map of Morocco which includes Western Sahara too. Thank You Brahim for the great help !